jordan pulse -
On Thursday, Jordanians celebrated the 77th anniversary of the Kingdom's independence, which constituted a defining and defining milestone in their history and the march of building their kingdom, so they set out under one banner and Hashemite leadership to build a state of institutions, law, diversity, acceptance of the other, and tolerance, and opened their borders to every seeker of security, so that Jordan would become the kingdom of humanity and the home of safety.
Since the first day of the founding of modern Jordan, the royal efforts have been vigorous to reach the modern state, whose pillars are science and security. So that the Hashemite leadership, after the declaration of independence, would set out with a clear and wise approach towards development and prosperity and face all circumstances, so that Jordan would achieve in the year 2023 and the second centenary of its long life advanced levels of leadership, production and development under the leadership of His Majesty King Abdullah II.
Jordanians celebrate Independence Day, and they are certain that Jordan's second centenary carries with it a more developed and prosperous future for Jordan, which began with a wide package of reforms, development, renewal, and modernization of many laws and legislations, so they came to the conviction that Jordan is still developing and innovating, and that the road ahead of them is full of hope.
The 77th Independence Day coincides with the completion of plans for political modernization, which have become a reality for implementation, with will, determination and determination, as well as the paths of economic and administrative reform, within clear institutional plans, after overcoming the consequences of the Corona pandemic, which ravaged the world for three years, and suspending the work of a law Defense imposed by the pandemic.
Every year, on this historic day of the Independence Day, Jordanians re-evaluate their journey, enjoy security and stability in their homeland, and obtain an education in schools and universities built for them and their children, in which the state invested all its capabilities and capabilities, and an advanced health system witnessed by hospitals and health centers spread everywhere, and universities Granting all specializations, vocational education, an impartial judiciary, public security, an army on the borders, and developing regulating laws and legislations; In a way that enhances the continuation of the march, and preserves the security of society and the national achievements.
Independence Day, as it is for Jordanians, is an occasion for other residents of Jordan. To be proud of the achievements that have been achieved over the years, which exceeded 100.
On this national occasion, Jordanians remember the sacrifices they made, during which they quenched the soil of this land with the blood of the martyrs, so that the homeland would remain safe and blessed with the unity of its people and its standing behind its Hashemite leadership in the process of construction and political, economic and social development.
Through all these decades, Jordan relied on a solid wall whose blocks were formed on solid foundations of reform and justice, and noble values based on coexistence, acceptance of the other, and the rule of law.
His Majesty King Abdullah the First, the Founder, established the rules for the establishment of the state of institutions, and His Majesty King Talal bin Abdullah endorsed it with a civilizational constitution, and raised its structure and increased its status as the builder of the renaissance of modern Jordan, His Majesty King Hussein bin Talal, may God bless their souls, until it reached today His Majesty King Abdullah II, who He completes the march, and resolutely proceeds with the Jordan ship, with safety and tranquility.
After 77 years, the memory returns with pride and honor to the Jordanian generations when the Jordanian Legislative Council convened on May 25, 1946, and the text of the historic decision declaring the independence of the Kingdom was read.
And the decision stated: “In fulfillment of national aspirations and pursuant to the general desire expressed by the Jordanian municipal councils in their decisions communicated to the Legislative Council, and based on the country’s legal and natural rights and its long struggle and the official international promises and covenants it obtained and based on what was proposed by the Council of Ministers in its Memorandum No. 521 On 13 Jumada al-Akhirah 1365 corresponding to 15/5/1946, the Legislative Council representing the Jordanian people discussed the issue of declaring the country's independence completely on the basis of the representative monarchy with the allegiance to the king to the master of the country and the founder of its entity (Abdullah bin Al-Hussein). It also discussed the matter of amending the Jordanian Basic Law on this basis in accordance with its constitutional jurisdiction.
Upon deliberation and deliberation, the following matters were unanimously decided:
First: declaring the country of Jordan a fully independent state with a representative hereditary monarchy.
Second: Allegiance to the king to the master of the country and the founder of its entity, heir to the Arab renaissance (Abdullah bin Al-Hussein), as a constitutional monarch at the head of the Jordanian state, with the title of His Majesty: (King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan).
Third: Approving the amendment of the Jordanian Basic Law on this basis, in accordance with what is established in the Bylaws (Amendment of the Basic Law) attached to this decision.
Fourth: This decision was submitted to the master of the country, pursuant to the provisions of the Basic Law, to indicate the Sunni will, even if it is accompanied by the supreme ratification. It is considered effective as soon as it is announced to the people, and the government takes over the procedures for its implementation, with the notification of this to all countries through the approved political methods.
His Majesty King Abdullah the First, the Founder, may God rest his soul in peace, delivered a speech that morning in which he said, "In facing the burdens of our king, the teachings of our law, and the legacy of our ancestors, we will persevere in serving our people, empowering our country, and cooperating with our brothers, the kings of the Arabs and their presidents, for the good of all Arabs and the glory of all humanity."
The founding king approved the decision to declare independence, issuing the first royal will, illustrated with the following phrase: "Relying on God Almighty, I agree to this decision, thanking my people and trusting in my government."
After this announcement, Jordanians felt joy on that day, and His Majesty the Founding King, may his soul rest in peace, delivered a speech in the military parade that took place at Marka Airport, later called King Abdullah I Base, in which he said, "Our valiant army is pleased to see in your field the pride of the homeland and the national ability." In defending the estate and preserving the right, and for your greeting to us to be a symbol of the soldier's obedience and his absolute annihilation in the service of the flag, the homeland and the leadership.
Work continued to build Jordan after independence and completed a new constitution for the state, which was ratified by the Legislative Council on November 28, 1946, and on March 4, 1947, the first government was formed during the independence era, and it took place on October 20, 1947. The first parliamentary elections based on the new constitution.
The march of the homeland and its preservation in the establishment and independence was not without sacrifices. The Mustafawian Arab Army, whose number did not exceed 4 thousand and 500 soldiers in the 1948 war, lined up the most wonderful heroics of sacrifice and redemption in the defense of Palestine and Jerusalem, and offered hundreds of martyrs on its land, and in one of the battles on The gates of Old Jerusalem, the Jordanian forces repulsed a violent attack launched by the Israeli forces on the evening of July 16, 1948. The enemy's losses in that battle amounted to about 225 dead and 145 wounded.
In January 1948, the National Assembly approved the decisions of the Jericho Conference, which called for Jordanian-Palestinian unity, and the first parliament was formed after the unity in April 1950, then the first unified ministry for the two banks was formed, headed by Saeed Al-Mufti, and the founding king approved the unity decision issued by the parliament on the 24th. April of the same year.
And the founding king remained defending the Arab nation until the last moments of his life, until a treacherous hand assassinated him on the thresholds of Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, and he was martyred, may God rest his soul, on Friday, July 20, 1951, to join the caravan of martyrs who gave their lives for the sake of their principles And their noble and authentic Arab values and constants.
His Majesty King Talal bin Abdullah, may God rest his soul, ascended the throne of the Kingdom in 1951, and he was the first Arab officer to graduate from the British Sandhurst College, as achievements were made during his era that strengthened independence and the foundations of a society based on responsible freedom before the law, as the Jordanian constitution was issued in January 8, 1952, as the first Arab unitary constitution, and stipulated the declaration of Jordan's organic link with the Arab nation, and the embodiment of the national ideology of the Great Arab Revolt, fulfilling the hopes and aspirations of the Jordanian people in line with the unity of the two banks in 1950, and the growth of patriotic feeling and national awareness in the Arab world.
During his reign, the Kingdom took a decision to make education compulsory and free, and it had a great impact on the educational renaissance later. During his reign, the Arab Collective Guarantee Agreement was concluded, the Joint Defense Council was formed, and the Audit Bureau was established during his reign.
Since His Majesty King Hussein bin Talal, may his soul rest in peace, assumed his constitutional powers on May 2, 1953, the era of construction, progress and modernization began, despite the emergency conditions that the region and the region were witnessing.
The Palestinian cause, following the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories at the time, topped the priorities of His Majesty King Hussein bin Talal, as His Majesty sought to mobilize a unified Arab and international position to deal with this aggression and its repercussions on Jordan and the region.
At crucial moments in Jordan's modern history, King Hussein bin Talal, may God rest his soul, took a historic decision in 1956 to Arabize the leadership of the Arab army and dismiss General Klopp, after His Majesty was firmly convinced that the survival of an English commander of the Jordanian Arab army would limit the role of Arab officers. And it affects the country's defense strategy.
During the period between 1961 and before the June 1967 war, and after Jordan had gone through a period of extreme events, the Jordanian economy began to make its way within deliberate development plans, as industries saw the light that had an impact in securing employment for tens of thousands of workers, and a new generation of businessmen appeared. Merchants and free professions, as well as laying the foundation stone for the University of Jordan, establishing an oil refinery in Zarqa in 1961, and establishing the Eastern Ghor Canal in 1966 parallel to the Jordan River with a length of 65 km, while the port of Aqaba doubled its incoming and outgoing shipments, as well as the development of the air transport and tourism sector. .
After the 1967 war, Jordanian diplomatic efforts led by His Majesty King Hussein bin Talal, may his soul rest in peace, led to the issuance of UN Resolution No. 242 in November of 1967, which included an equation of comprehensive withdrawal in exchange for a comprehensive peace and recognition of everyone's right to live in peace in the region.
In 1968, the Jordanian Arab Army recorded the most magnificent heroism and the highest meanings of redemption and defending the nation’s fever and preserving its dignity. Shooting until the last Israeli soldier withdrew from Jordanian territory.
In 1988, Jordan took a decision to disengage legally and administratively from the West Bank, based on the recommendations of the Arab Summit in Rabat, so that the Palestine Liberation Organization would be the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. The Islamic and Christian sanctities that inhabit the Hashemite conscience.
The first parliamentary elections were held in 1989, after the disengagement decision, and the democratic process resumed in the Kingdom.
His Majesty King Hussein bin Talal passed away on the 7th of February 1999, and the Jordanians named that day, the Day of Loyalty and Allegiance, the loyalty to His Majesty King Hussein, the builder of modern Jordan, and the allegiance to His Majesty King Abdullah II, the captain of the boat and the captain of the Jordanian ship with confidence and safety.
Since His Majesty King Abdullah II came to power, he has been directing and following up all state institutions and their work. Legislation and laws have developed, investments have expanded, tourism revenues have increased, hospitals and health centers have developed. Infrastructure, and services moved mostly to electronic, and waged a war on corruption and drugs.
Jordan employs its energies and capabilities to confront the dangers of extremism and terrorism, especially through initiatives that aim to promote dialogue between different religions, sects, and civilizations and to the true bright face of the true Islamic religion and its great message of tolerance.
In 2022, political reform projects, the electoral law and parties were completed, and the vision of economic reform, modernization and development of the public sector was launched, and it was a year full of great and significant events, in which Jordan crossed important joints in the history of the state, and this would not have been possible without the efforts made to lay a strong foundation that protects the state from the evil of the ordinary.
His Majesty the King devotes his relentless efforts with the active countries to stress the centrality of the Palestinian cause, and the need to end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in accordance with the two-state solution. These efforts were accompanied by continuous royal support for the Palestinian brothers on the political and humanitarian level.
His Majesty is also making great efforts as a guardian, protector, and patron of Islamic and Christian holy sites in Al-Quds Al-Sharif, based on the Hashemite Custodianship over these holy sites, to preserve its Arab identity and its Islamic and Christian sanctities, support and stabilize its inhabitants, Muslims and Christians, and confront all unilateral Israeli measures aimed at changing the city’s identity and Arabism. .