jordan pulse -
The in the level of water springs or the cessation of its water flow in various agricultural areas in Tafila, has become the main feature in those areas that in the past embraced springs, which until the late eighties amounted to about 365 springs, and currently, according to agricultural statistics, they do not exceed 50 springs.
In Tafilah, which has a touristic, agricultural, environmental and historical nature, you can count about 365 springs of water, according to the number of days of the year, between abundant and small springs, and other springs whose veins were cut off, so their water was evaporated and the olives and vines around them dried up.
According to the stories narrated by many elderly people about these springs, a wanderer around Tafilah and its fertile valleys with various formations can drink from each spring of different water throughout the year, and eat from each region a type of fruit or vegetable.
And the head of the Environmental Green Cover Association in Tafilah, Ahmed Al-Saud, confirms that more than 50 springs in Tafilah continued to flow at varying levels and remained steadfast, despite the years of drought, while other springs were affected by low rainfall rates until their flow levels decreased, which hardly irrigates the areas of perennial olive groves, vines and almonds. And pomegranate, which led to an increase in desertification, especially in the areas of Al-Ghuwair, Aima and Al-Aali, which were in the past the basket of vegetables and fruits for the people of Tafilah.
Many of the water springs bore the names of the villages and towns in which they flow, and you will rarely find a village or a gathering of residents that does not have its presence associated with a water spring, such as the town of Ain Al-Bayda, in relation to the water spring that flows in it, and the town of Ain Al-Ghuwair, Al-Ansr, Al-Jahir, Grendel, Lahza, Al-Aali and Al-Laban.
Farmers from agricultural areas in Tafila indicated that these springs have been flowing with fresh water for years through dirt channels that quench the thirst of their orchards, which varied between figs, olives, vines, almonds and pomegranates, on the sides of fertile valleys characterized by various geological formations.
They indicated that large areas of perennial olive groves in the city of Tafila are now suffering the consequences of drought and desertification, as a result of the low level of water springs that irrigate these orchards and the disappearance of others.
They demanded the maintenance of the springs, and the exploitation of the lost water, which is wasted between the reefs and the valleys, to direct it to irrigate their trees, which began to turn yellow years ago.
They pointed out that agricultural desertification and the deterioration of water resources constitute the most important challenges suffered by the owners of the Rumi olive farms in the city of Tafila, the villages of Aima, and Al-Ain Al-Bayda, calling on the concerned authorities in the Ministries of Water and Agriculture to dig artesian wells to extract water and save the agricultural and historical wealth from perennial trees.
in those areas.
According to the writer and historian Suleiman al-Qawabeh, the springs of water formed a social meeting place where people exchanged news and explored their lives, especially the springs adjacent to population centers such as the springs of al-Bayda, al-Himma, al-Jahir, al-Anth, Dana, and al-La'ban, which were characterized by their sweetness and abundance, just as the water of butter is the main supplier of Tafilah and its villages with energy. It reaches 600 cubic meters per hour with a depth of 13 inches.
He points out that there are two sources of spring water, the first of which is the annual rain water, which has declined a lot, and the second source is geological water that dates back to ancient geological ages, noting that the civilizations that arose in the Sila and Basira region, such as the “Edomites” civilization, relied on water sources far from their place, so the water was drawn to They are found by traction with pottery pipes or through underground channels.
In turn, the head of the Farmers Union in Tafilah, Arafat Al-Marayat, indicated that the agricultural reality in Tafilah needs more efforts to develop it through pioneering agricultural projects, on top of which are water dams to provide water for the owners of olive farms and livestock breeders.
He added that the remaining water springs need maintenance due to problems related to the restoration of canals and the creation of buildings on them to save them from pollution and loss, in addition to the waste resulting from evaporation.
In turn, the Director of Tafila Agriculture, Eng. Hussein Al-Qatamin, said that the Directorate has implemented a package of agricultural projects that would preserve olive trees in the various agricultural areas of Tafila, on top of which is the Olive Rejuvenation Program, through which farmers were supported with fertilizers, tillage and pruning, in addition to contributing to water harvesting activities. .